Singapore Tops New Global Smart City Index
By Sunny Lewis
SINGAPORE, October 10, 2019 (Maximpact.com News) – Singapore has been named the world’s smartest city in 2019 by the first edition of the new IMD Smart City Index 2019 (SCI) which ranks 102 cities worldwide.
This first index finds that right now the 10 smartest cities are, in order of rank: Singapore, Zurich, Oslo, Geneva, Copenhagen, Auckland, Taipei City, Helsinki, Bilbao, and Dusseldorf.
Compiled by the IMD World Competitiveness Center’s Smart City Observatory, in partnership with Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD), and released October 3, the Smart City Index assesses the efforts and success of cities in embracing smart technologies to improve the lives of their residents.
“Smart cities are growing and blossoming in all parts of the world,” explains Professor Arturo Bris, a professor of finance and director of the IMD World Competitiveness Center. IMD is a top-ranked business school with a global perspective and campuses in Singapore and Switzerland.
Professor Bris said that as a result of this blossoming, “Economic realities cannot be ignored: cities in poorer countries face disadvantages, which will require specific actions to correct along the path toward smartness.”
He urged all cities to focus on becoming smarter. While there is neither a perfect nor one size fits all strategy in becoming a smart city, all three cities that lead this first Index score highly for their “structures,” a measurement that assesses how services are made available to citizens.
The IMD Smart City Index assesses a city’s efforts and success in embracing smart technologies to improve the lives of its citizens, thus being able to rate each city on a certain level of smartness.
This first edition of the Smart City Index ranks the 102 cities by capturing the perceptions of 120 residents in each city.
There are two pillars for which perceptions from residents were solicited – the Structures pillar, referring to the existing infrastructure of the cities, and the Technology pillar, describing the technological provisions and services available to the inhabitants.
Each pillar was evaluated over five key areas: health and safety, mobility, activities, opportunities, and governance.
For instance in the top-ranked city, Singapore, respondents said that basic sanitation meets the needs of the poorest areas. Online reporting of city maintenance problems provides a speedy solution. Recycling services are satisfactory. A website or App allows the give away of unwanted items to other city residents.
Public safety is not a problem. Free public Wifi has improved access to services.
Air pollution is not a problem. CCTV cameras make residents feel safer.
Medical services provision is satisfactory. A website or App allows effective monitoring of air pollution. Arranging medical appointments online has improved access.
Traffic congestion is not a problem. Car-sharing Apps have reduced congestion. Public transport is satisfactory. Apps that direct you to an available parking space have reduced journey time. Bicycle hiring has reduced congestion, and online scheduling and ticket sales make public transport easier to use.
Green spaces are satisfactory in Singapore.
Cultural activities (shows, bars, and museums) are satisfactory. Online purchasing of tickets to shows and museums has made them easier to attend.
Job-finding services are available. Online access to job listings has made it easier to find work. Most children have access to a good school. IT skills are taught well in schools. Lifelong learning opportunities are provided by local institutions.
Online services provided by the city has made it easier to start a new business. Businesses are creating new jobs.
Minorities feel welcome in Singapore, respondents said.
Information on local government decisions is easily accessible. Online public access to city finances has reduced corruption, and corruption of city officials is not an issue of concern. Online voting has increased participation. Residents contribute to decision making of local government. An online platform where residents can propose ideas has improved city life. Residents provide feedback on local government projects.
The IMD Smart City Index is the only global index that focuses on ranking urban areas based on the perception of resident citizens. In compiling the Index, the citizens’ point of view was given prominence because it sheds light on the importance of aligning policies with the lives and needs of urban residents.
How citizens perceive the scale and impact of efforts to make their cities smart was balanced against the “economic and technological aspects” and “humane dimensions” of the cities being assessed.
Being a globally-recognized smart city has its own benefits. It is critical for attracting investment and talent, creating a potential virtuous cycle in favor of an advanced group of cities such as Singapore, Zurich and Oslo.
Smart cities create an optimal environment for cities to experiment in critical areas from urban planning, sustainable energy, and transport strategies to social integration and talent attraction.
Quality of life – including environment, safety, access to health and education services, but also mobility and social interaction – is increasingly playing a more prominent role in citizens’ aspirations for smart cities worldwide. But the concerns and aspirations of urban residents vary widely depending on cultural and socio-economic environments.
For instance, urban residents in China are more accepting towards the use of their personal data, face recognition and have a higher overall trust of local authorities, compared to residents in New York or Paris.
The Smart City Index found that many technologies remain largely ignored by the populations they claim to serve, an area that requires improvement in many countries, Bris said.
To summarize, Bruno Lanvin, president of the IMD’s Smart City Observatory at the IMD World Competitiveness Center, concludes that “smart cities are becoming magnets for investment, talent and trade.”
Yet, he also acknowledged that a lot of effort has been put into areas that are “disconnected from the long-term aspirations of citizens.”
This is where the Smart City Index is valuable, because, according to Professor Lanvin, it is the first and still the only unique index that “intends to fill a gap by being a reference and tool for action to build inclusive and dynamic cities.”
The Smart City Index has changed how cities will be viewed, Lanvin says, the smartness no longer measured purely by technological advancements, but also by the perception of the resident citizens themselves.